Diana Meter

Human Devt. and Family Studies

Assistant Professor

Diana Meter

Contact Information

Office Location: FL 218
Phone: 435-797-4141
Email: diana.meter@usu.edu
Additional Information:

Educational Background

PhD, Family, Consumer, and Human Development, The University of Arizona, 2015
MS, Family Studies and Human Development, The University of Arizona, 2013


Teaching Interests

Adolescence, Research Methods, Meta-analysis, Literature Review

Research Interests

Two specific research areas central to my work: First, I am interested in understanding peers who defend others from peer victimization including a) what strategies children and adolescents use to defend, or stand up for victims of peer victimization, b) individual, peer, and school predictors of defending, and c) the consequences of defending peers. Second, I study the association between parent-adolescent relationships and adolescent peer-relations. The common theme between these two areas is that individuals develop within spheres of influence (Bronfenbrenner, 1986) including school, friendships and peer groups, and the family. Advanced statistical techniques can be used to best answer developmental research questions. I employ longitudinal and multigroup structural equation modeling, social network analysis, and meta-analysis in my work. I also have an interest in contributing to knowledge about best practices in peer relations research and publish methods papers on this topic. Defenders of Peer Victimization: Peers who Stand Up for Others: My approach to studying peer victimization assumes a whole school perspective rather than focusing only on aggressors and victims. I am particularly interested in defenders, who may enact a variety of prosocial behaviors including comforting and supporting the victim, intervening, getting help, or encouraging the victim to get help. I am interested in how children or adolescents’ enactment of prosocial behavior on behalf of their victimized peers, such as through defending those who are victimized, may be beneficial to the victimized peers, the peer group in general, and also to the prosocial children and adolescents themselves. Findings from my research illustrate predictors of defending and the positive and negative consequences of defending. Future goals include examining how prosocial behaviors interact with factors including school climate, school social norms, and student beliefs to predict defenders’ social adjustment and peer victimization. The Effect of Parent-Child Relationships on Peer Relations: Parents have the potential to teach their children skills to engage positively with peers, but some parents model their parents’ aggression when interacting with peers. My research has shown that parent’ behavior with their own peers can impact their parenting behavior. Another study showed that parent-adolescent communication in early adolescence is related to aggression through late adolescence.


Center for Intersectional Gender Studies and Research Fellow, 2022

Eldon J. Gardner Teacher of the Year department nominee, 2021

    Publications | Book Chapters

  • Meter, D., (2022). Child development in real time: The power of ambulatory assessment for investigating dynamic developmental processes and behavior longitudinally: Advances in Child Development and Behavior (Vol. 62). *
  • Meter, D., (2019). Online communication: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development. *
  • Meter, D., (2019). Sexting behaviors among adolescents and adults: Prevalence and correlates within romantic relationships: Critical Issues Impacting Science, Technology, Society, and Our Future. *
  • Meter, D., (2019). Cyberbullying in schools: Review of US research: Cyberbullying in schools, workplaces, and romantic relationships: The many lenses and perspectives of electronic mistreatment.. *
  • Meter, D., (2019). Ethics in developmental research: Developmental Research: A Guide for Contributing Research Across the Lifespan. *
  • Meter, D., (2018). Methodological approaches to studying relational aggression: The Handbook of Relational Aggression. *

An asterisk (*) at the end of a publication indicates that it has not been peer-reviewed.

Publications | Journal Articles

Academic Journal

  • Ma, T., Meter, D., Lee, Y., Chen, W., (2019). Defending behaviors in school bullying during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of social-ecological correlates.. Psychological Bulletin
  • Meter, D., Card, N.A, (2016). Stability of children’s and adolescents’ friendships: A meta-analytic review. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 62:3, 252-284.
  • Meter, D., Card, N.A, (2015). Defenders of victims of peer aggression: Interdependence theory and an exploration of individual, interpersonal, and contextual effects on the defender participant role. Developmental Review, 38, 222-240.
  • Meter, D., Worley, J., Butler, K., Renshaw, T., Poteat, P., Student and teacher defending of identity and appearance-based peer victimization among adolescents. . European Journal of Developmental Psychology special issue: Identity-based Bullying and Harassment: Addressing Mechanisms and Outcomes for Possible Interventions.
  • Lefevor, G., Meter, D., Skidmore, S., (2023). Ways to navigate sexual minority and Latter-day Saint identities: A latent profile analysis. . The Counseling Psychologist, 51:3, 368-394. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/00110000221148219
  • Livingston, W., Tannahill, H., Meter, D., Fargo, J., Blais, R., (2023). The association of military sexual harassment/assault with suicide ideation, plans, attempts, and mortality among service members/veterans: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 24:4, 2616-2629.
  • Ehrenreich, S., Jouriles, E., Mortensen, J., Meter, D., Underwood, M., (2022). Peer communication about antisocial activities as a mediator of interparental conflict in mid-adolescence and externalizing problems in late adolescence.
  • Reuveni, N., Carlson, C., Schwartz, S., Meter, D., Freeman, S., (2022). The antidepressant and anxiolytic impact of cannabinoids in chronic unpredictable stress: A preclinical systematic review and meta-analysis. . Translational Psychiatry
  • Wishkoski, R., Meter, D., Tulane, S., King, M.Q, Butler, K., L.A, (2022). Assessing student attitudes toward research in an undergraduate social sciences research methods course. Higher Education Pedagogies, 7:1, 20-36. doi: 10.1080/23752696.2022.2072362
  • Kelley, H., LeBaron-Black, A., Hill, E., Meter, D., (2021). Perceived familial support and the work family interface: A meta-analytic review.
  • Meter, D., Budziszewski, R., Phillips, A., Beckert, T., (2021). “Every school does the song and dance”: A qualitative exploration of negative social media and technology experiences.. Tech Trends
  • Meter, D., Ehrenreich, S., Beron, K., Underwood, M., (2021). Listening in: How parent-child communication relates to present and future social and physical aggression. . Journal of Child and Family Studies
  • Meter, D., Beckert, T.E, Ross, B., Phillips, A., (2021). Social cognitive factors associated with sharing overt and relational cyberaggression digitally. . International Journal of Bullying Prevention3, 147-158. doi: https://doi-org.dist.lib.usu.edu/10.1007/s42380-020-00069-0
  • Wishkoski, R., Strand, K., Sundt, A., Meter, D., (2021). Case studies in the classroom: Assessing a pilot information literacy curriculum for English Composition. Reference Services Review, 49:2, 176-193. doi: 10.1108/RSR-01-2021-0004
  • Curran, T., Meter, D., Janovec, A., Brown, E., Caban, S., (2021). Maternal adult attachment styles and mother-child transmissions of social skills and self-esteem . Journal of Family Studies
  • Burnell, K., Ackerman, R., Meter, D., Ehrenreich, S., Underwood, M., (2020). Self-absorbed and socially (network) engaged: Narcissistic traits and social networking site use. Journal of Research in Personality
  • Ehrenreich, S., Beron, K., Burnell, K., Meter, D., Underwood, M., (2020). When I text I can say just what I want to say”: How adolescents use text messaging throughout the day and across their high school years. . Journal of Research on Adolescence
  • Ehrenreich, S., Meter, D., Jouriles, E., Underwood, M., (2019). Adolescents’ externalizing behaviors and antisocial text messaging across the broader peer network: Implications for socialization and selection effects. Development and Psychopathology
  • Meter, D., Ehrenreich, S., Carker, C., Flynn, E., Underwood, M., (2019). Adolescents’ understanding of their participant rights in a longitudinal study using smartphones for ambulatory assessment. . Journal of Research on Adolescence special section “Promises, Perils, and Practicalities of Ambulatory Assessment for Capturing Adolescent Development”
  • Ackerman, R., Carson, K., Corretti, C., Ehrenreich, S., Meter, D., Underwood, M., (2019). Experiences with warmth in middle childhood predict features of text-message communication in early adolescence. . Developmental Psychology.
  • Meter, D., Ehrenreich, S., Underwood, M., (2019). Relations between parents’ psychological control and parents’ and adolescents’ aggression. . Journal of Child and Family Studies.
  • Meter, D., Ma, T., Ehrenreich, S., (2019). Telling, comforting, and retaliating: The roles of moral disengagement and perception of harm in defending victims of peer victimization. . International Journal of Bullying Prevention
  • Bauman, S., Meter, D., Nixon, C., Davis, S., (2016). Targets of peer mistreatment: Do they tell adults? What happens when they do?. Teaching and Teacher Education, 57, 118-124.
  • Meter, D., Card, N.A, (2016). Brief report: Identifying defenders of peer victimization. Journal of Adolescence, 49, 77-80.
  • Casper, D.M, Meter, D., Card, N.A, (2015). Addressing measurement issues related to bullying involvement. School Psychology Review, 44:4, 353-371.
  • Meter, D., Casper, D.M, Card, N.A, (2015). Perceptions of intimacy and friendship reciprocity moderate peer influence on aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 41:5, 432-442.
  • Meter, D., Card, N.A, (2015). Effects of Defending: The Longitudinal Relations Among Peer-perceived Defending of Victimized Peers, Victimization, and Liking. Social Development, 24:4, 734-747.
  • Meter, D., Bauman, S., (2015). When Sharing Is a Bad Idea: The Effects of Online Social Network Engagement and Sharing Passwords with Friends on Cyberbullying Involvement. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18:8, 437-442.

An asterisk (*) at the end of a publication indicates that it has not been peer-reviewed.

Publications | Other

An asterisk (*) at the end of a publication indicates that it has not been peer-reviewed.


EDUC 6040 - Applied Research Methods, Fall 2023
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Fall 2023
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Spring 2023
HDFS 6020 - Survey: Human Development, Spring 2023
EDUC 6040 - Applied Research Methods, Fall 2022
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Fall 2022
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Spring 2022
HDFS 7200 - Topical Seminar: Family Relations, Spring 2022
EDUC 6040 - Applied Research Methods, Fall 2021
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Fall 2021
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Spring 2021
HDFS 6200, 7200 - Topical Seminar: Family Relations, Spring 2021
EDUC 6040 - Applied Research Methods, Fall 2020
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Fall 2020
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Spring 2020
HDFS 4400 - HDFS 4400, Fall 2019
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Fall 2019
HDFS 3130 - Research Methods (QI), Spring 2019
HDFS 6900 - Topical Seminar in Human Development and Family Studies, Spring 2019
HDFS 6200, 7200 - Topical Seminar: Family Relations, Spring 2019
HDFS 6960 - Readings/Conference, Fall 2018
FCHD 3130 - Research Methods, Spring 2018
FCHD 4400 - Research Practicum in FCHD, Spring 2018
FCHD 3130 - Research Methods, Fall 2017
FCHD 3130 - Research Methods, Fall 2017
FCHD 3570 - Youth and Adolescence, Fall 2017
FCHD 3570 - Youth and Adolescence, Fall 2017

Graduate Students Mentored

Jesiah "J" Salazar,
Caleb Price, Human Devt. and Family Studies 2022